Scars are the visible marks that remain on the skin after a wound or injury has healed. They are a natural part of the body’s healing process and are formed when the deeper layers of the skin, such as the dermis, are damaged. Scarring can occur as a result of various factors, including surgery, accidents, burns, acne, or certain skin conditions.

Key features


Scars can vary in size, shape, color, and texture. They may appear as flat, raised, indented, or discolored areas on the skin. The color of a scar may range from pink or red during the early stages of healing to a lighter or darker shade compared to the surrounding skin over time.

Healing time

The time it takes for a scar to fully heal varies depending on several factors, such as the size and depth of the wound, individual healing abilities, and proper wound care. Initially, scars may appear red, swollen, or raised, but they usually become less prominent and fade over time.


Scars can have a different texture than the surrounding skin. They may feel rough, bumpy, or have a shiny or glossy appearance.

Emotional impact

Scars can have both physical and emotional effects on individuals. They may cause self-consciousness, affect body image, and impact self-esteem. Emotional support and counseling may be beneficial for individuals struggling with the psychological impact of scars.


Overgrowth of yeast

The presence of a naturally occurring yeast called Malassezia on the scalp is believed to play a role in dandruff. An overgrowth of this yeast can lead to an inflammatory response and increased shedding of skin cells.

Atrophic scars

Atrophic scars are characterized by a depression or indentation in the skin. They can result from conditions such as acne, chickenpox, or surgery. Examples of atrophic scars include ice pick scars, boxcar scars, and rolling scars.

Keloid scars

Keloids are raised, thickened scars that extend beyond the original wound site. They can be larger and more pronounced than hypertrophic scars and may continue to grow even after the wound has healed. Keloid scars are more common in individuals with darker skin tones.


Managing scars typically involves the following recommendations

Silicone gels or sheets are commonly used to improve the appearance of scars. They create a protective barrier over the scar, help retain moisture, and flatten and soften the scar tissue. Follow the product instructions for optimal use.

These procedures involve gently exfoliating the skin’s surface to reduce the appearance of scars. Microdermabrasion uses fine crystals or a diamond-tipped wand, while dermabrasion involves the use of a rotating wire brush. These treatments help remove the top layer of skin and promote the growth of new, healthier skin.

For raised or hypertrophic scars, corticosteroid injections may be recommended. These injections help reduce inflammation and flatten the scar. Multiple injections may be required over a period of time, as advised by a healthcare professional.

In some cases, surgical procedures may be recommended to improve the appearance of scars. These can include scar revision surgery, skin grafts, or tissue expansion, depending on the nature and extent of the scar.

Laser treatments can effectively minimize the appearance of scars. Different types of lasers can target specific aspects of scar tissue, such as redness, texture, or pigmentation. Laser therapy helps stimulate collagen production, which can lead to smoother, more even-toned skin.

If you have concerns about a scar or are considering scar treatment, it is advisable to consult with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional with expertise in scar management. They can provide a thorough evaluation, discuss treatment options, and recommend the most appropriate approach based on your specific situation.


Here are some recommendations for managing and improving the appearance of scars:

Properly care for wounds during the healing process to minimize scar formation. Cleanse the wound gently with mild soap and water, and cover it with a sterile dressing to protect it from further injury or infection. Follow any specific wound care instructions provided by healthcare professionals.

Remember that scars naturally fade and become less noticeable over time. It may take several months or even years for a scar to reach its final appearance. Be patient and continue to follow scar management techniques.

Protect scars from excessive sun exposure, as UV rays can cause them to become darker and more prominent. Apply sunscreen with a high SPF to the scarred area, cover it with clothing or a hat, and seek shade when necessary.

Scars can have emotional effects on individuals, impacting self-esteem and body image. Seek support from loved ones or consider joining support groups to cope with the emotional aspects of living with scars.

Massaging the scarred area can help improve blood circulation, break down scar tissue, and promote healing. Use gentle pressure and circular motions when massaging the scar for a few minutes each day. You can also use a moisturizer or scar gel to facilitate the massage.

It’s important to consult with our dermatologist in scar management to discuss the most appropriate treatment options for your specific situation.
She can evaluate your scars, provide personalized recommendations, and guide you through the process of scar management.